Symptoms, Causes And Treatment Of Gallstones

The gallbladder located under liver is an organ which looks like a small sack. Along with pancreas and liver it forms the biliary system in human body. This system transports digestive enzymes and bile. Bile is a waste product which is created by the breaking down of blood cells. Bile is stored in the gallbladder for use. It is injected into the intestine to digest fats that we eat. Gallstones are forms of stones which are found in the gallbladder and bile duct.


Gallstone is treated primarily by observation and cholecystectomy or removal or gallbladder by a gallbladder surgeon North Shore. The stones can also be dissolved with oral medication. Extraction of the stones, sphinterotomy and extra-corporeal shock-wave lithotripsy processes are also used for treatment or gallstones. Cholesterol gallstones are can be prevented by oral medication. After the cholecystectomy, the problem usually subsides. The continuation of the complications means that the stones are present within bile duct. For any type of medical problems – whether gallstones hernia – you need to choose the right doctor. In case of surgical process you must choose an experienced surgeon. For example, an experienced hernia surgeon is required for hernia surgery. Similarly, a good surgeon is needed for gallstones operation.

Types of gallstones:

There are three common types of gallstones and they are black pigment, brown pigment and cholesterol. Infected bile and reduced flow of bile cause brown gallstone. When the destruction of red blood cells is increased, the gallstones are black in hue. Cholesterol gallstones are more frequent. This is associated with pregnancy, rapid weight loss, obesity higher triglyceride level of blood and Crohn’s disease.

Symptoms of gallstone:

Majority of gallstone have no symptoms. Pancreatitis, fistula, sepsis, jaundice and gangrene of gallbladder are some of the complications that the patients suffer from. It does not cause belching, intolerance to fatty foods, gas or abdominal distention. The only problem caused by the gallstones is biliary colic. It is developed by 80% of people who suffer from gallstone. It is a kind of pain that occurs when gallstones block the way of bile duct. Biliary colic is a constant pain which do not subsides and reappears. The intensity of this pain may vary. Though the pain is severe it do not get worsen with movement. Patients suffering from biliary colic can also suffer from nausea due to the pain. Though the pain is mainly felt in the middle of the upper part of abdomen, it can be felt at other parts also. Patients sometimes wrongly assume it as the symptom of heart attack.


It is primarily detected by transabdominal ultrasonography. There are several other tests to detect gallstone: endoscopic ultrasonography, oral cholangiogram, duodenal drainage, blood test of liver and pancreas. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, cholescintigraphy and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography are also done to detect gallstone.

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